• 4 March 2024

National Institute of
Natural Sciences (NINS)


You are at Home » Departments » Biodiversity

A group of research scholars from the Department of Biological Science, Aberdeen University, UK with a research team of National Institute of Natural Sciences (NINS), Kathmandu, Nepal had jointly an expedition to study the endangered and mysterious Himalayan Field Mouse, Apodemus gurkha (a type of forest mouse found only in Nepal), on June 26 to July 25 2010 for 30 days field trips to capture field mouse on the Annauprna Conservation Area especially Ulleri, Nangethanti, Banthanti, Ghorepani (Pun hill) & Chitre areas. We have captured and recorded some Apodemus species from the field areas which is going to be published in future. Currently very little is known about this rodent and the aim was to find out more about the Apodemus gurkha – mainly to study the impacts of humansactivities on the abundance of the mouse.

Economic Value on Biodiversity

Nature is the best mother that the world can turn to when the other artificial means of productivity prove difficult. One of the best ways to tap the wealth of nature is through biodiversity measures towards a friendly environment while doing secure production activities. There are a number of economic values of biodiversity as discussed below:
Source of food

Biodiversity is a very probable way of generating enough food for the ever increasing human population. The world needs to domesticate more animal species and crops as a way of increasing food supply. Wild species of both animals and plants are very resistant to adverse weather conditions. This minimizes the losses that farmers incur incase of less rainfall and instead increases food as well as animal productivity. It is the high time to counter the rampant occurrences of hunger by adopting biodiversity.
Biological pest controlling method

Control species are the best available option to control pests. They are both environment friendly and very effective as compared to artificial pesticides. This method not only kills pests but also controls the spread of weeds in farms. Besides, this is a cheap method since it is natural and not purchased as you do with the commercial pesticides. This method ensures that most of the competition to your crops is cut off thus increasing the yield at the end of harvesting season.

Source of medication

Many plants as well as non plants are very good sources of natural medicines. Since the old ages in the human history, plants have been invaluable sources of medicine to all variety of diseases. The world population needs a constant supply of medication and artificial means cannot meet this vast demand. An alternative lies in plant barks, leaves as well as roots. Animals are used for lab tests in the development of drugs. This is a way of ensuring that human life is preserved and only treated with the best possible form of medication.
Source of energy

This is the era in which the world is looking to other alternatives of energy. Petroleum products are becoming rare each day and hence the other prices for the same. In addition to this, petroleum products are major pollutants of the environment hence the need to look for safer alternatives. Biomass is one of the natural ways to produce clean and safer form of energy. Cow dung is the raw material used and the decomposition of this by bacteria results into energy generation.

Commercial tourism and recreation

In many countries, tourism is becoming the major source of both domestic and foreign income. National parks, game reserves and forests have been turned into money generating sources. Tourism and recreational activities ensures that environment is conserved so as to attract more tourists. This result into income from the fees charged as well as the existence of reliable climates and weather. There are so many economic benefits that come with the embracing of biodiversity. This is one sure way of ensuring friendly environments as well as providing alternative source of food, medicine and energy to all mankind

Get Involved

Get Involved The NINS preserved thousands of zoological botanical, archeological specimens not only for visitors. Behind the doors of its historical meaning, the museum hoBehind the doors of its historical meaning, the museum ho used these specimens Read More

Follow Us on Facebook

Website Designed By:Developed by: i3 Web Solution

Contact Us

Birendra Margh- 68, Ghattekulo- 32

+977 1 4770604, 4771544



© 2021 NINS, all rights reseved.